05 febrero 2008

Psicoanálisis: los sueños en la tradición judía

Aquí tenéis un texto del Sefer shel Beinonim (Tania) del Rabí Shneur Zalman escrito unos 100 años antes de Freud donde se presenta una tesis similar. Algunos de los conceptos fundamentles del psicoanálisis pueden intuirse. Aquí el Rabí trata de cómo controlar el Ietzer hará, la inclinación al mal. Y para ello muestra cómo a través de los sueños podemos obtener conocimiento de la inclinación al mal y de cómo ésta pretende manipularnos para consguir sus objetivos.

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"Let him further consider his dreams in order to humble his spirit; for one may learn more about himself from his dreams than from his waking, conscious thoughts. For the most part, they are “vanity, and an affliction of the spirit,” for his soul does not ascend heavenward during his sleep; since it is written: “Who shall ascend the mountain of the Lord?” — meaning, in our context, “Whose soul shall rise heavenward while he sleeps, to see and absorb matters of Torah and holiness, which will in turn be reflected in his dreams?” And the next verse gives the answer: “He that has clean hands and a pure heart” — implying that the soul of one whose hands and heart are not pure, does not ascend, and that is why his dreams are a patchwork of vanity and foolishness.

Furthermore, “those originating from the ’evil side‘ come and attach themselves to him and inform him in his dreams of mundane affairs... and sometimes mock him and show him false things and torment him in his dreams,” and so on, as stated in the Zohar on Vayikra (p. 25a,b). See it there discussed at length.
We thus see from the Zohar that one may evaluate himself by studying the content of his dreams. Thereby, he can humble his spirit even if he finds himself free of sin, and in this way he may crush the sitra achra within him, as explained above.
Chapter 29

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